Staccato vs Martelé Violin Bow Techniques | Violin Lounge TV #414
Staccato is an articulation while martelé is a bowing technique
In this video I show you the differences and explain when to use what:
Staccato on the violin
Staccato is an articulation. It just means to play short and separated notes. There’s no special technique required, but it’s very good for your bow control to practice this.
In the Suzuki violin method this is taught early to beginners. It means just to stop the bow suddenly between notes at the bow change: no scooping, no accents.
Beginners struggle with staccato when they try to do extra stuff instead of just stopping the bow. Think simple!
You can add accents with index finger to your staccato if the music requires it. Make sure to do this only at the start of the note. Practice tapping the index finger of the bow to learn to move it separately from the other fingers, so you’re not making the accent with the whole hand.
If you do multiple staccato notes on one bow stroke, you have a solid staccato.
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Classical violinist helping you overcome technical struggles and play with feeling by improving your bow technique.
Martelé violin bow technique
Martelé means hammered in French and refers to the specific technique of catching the string and creating a strong accent at the beginning of each note.
Martelé doesn’t necessarily have a stop between the notes as the notes are separated by the accent.
In the video above I show how to catch the string and check yourself.
A great etude to practice martelé is Kreutzer no 7.
This is multiple martelé notes on one bow stroke.
This is multiple spiccato notes on one bow stroke. You make use of the natural jumping of your bow and the bow can leave the string in this technique.
Notation in sheet music
Notation in sheet music can be very different: dots, accents, carrots or a combination. Accents usually mean martelé, but it also depends on the performance tradition and your personal taste.
Watch this video for notation of 24 different bow techniques in sheet music.
If you want to get to know those bow techniques, watch this video.